Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed. Juvenile Delinquency– Causes and Consequences. 0000097825 00000 n Ahadi Hasan. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition). While some simply provide a bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes. Substance abuse in a home or by the child is a very common cause for delinquency. The long-term impact of cognitively oriented preschool programs on the reduction of antisocial behavior is a more direct indication that fostering early cognitive development can play an important role in the prevention of juvenile delinquency (Schweinhart et al., 1993; Schweinhart and Weikart, 1997). A direct relationship between parental addictions with juveniles’ addiction can be observed. Family plays a huge part in the development of an adolescent, both positive and negative. Comparative study of biological and familial status of delinquent  and non-delinquent children and juniviles. This descriptive-analytical study is a cross-sectional one conducted on more than 250 subjects, including 200 male juveniles and 50 female juveniles aged 9-18 years and sentenced at juvenile institution and special tribunals responsible for addressing offenses of children in Tehran. Criminologists are fairly divided when it comes to determining the causes of juvenile crime. In 26.2% of the subjects under study, family members were addicted and in 21.2% the drug was opium. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. 29.6% were convicted of theft (Table 1), 33.8% had a previous history of crime. The addicts because of financial need and the lack of control over their body and mind have no choice but to comply with the demands of their inner demon (i.e. 55, Pages 31-32. Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. 1995 November. Although once considered a regional problem, it’s now plaguing the world. Some of the reasons that are most common for a minor to turn to juvenile delinquency include: School Problems . x�b```f``a`c``�bf@ a�;�'��BN �. Master’s thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, 1999. In Ansarynezhad et al (11) and Shah Hoseyni’s study, this relationship was also significant (12). In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. 0000062813 00000 n No significantly relationship was obtained (P>0.05) between the marital status, place of residence, family size and birth order with the type of delinquency. Fact sheet. 0000189458 00000 n drug addiction) and this is where the drug is considered as a delinquency factor. CJJ2002: Chapter 3 "Individual Causes of Delinquency" Source: Juvenile Delinquency, 9th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. The two cannot be separated since one of the reasons for crime and its continuance into adult life is the ineffective control and treatment of juveniles. Puzzancherac M. Delirquency. Besides, 48% of them were educated at guidance school level and 50.8% of them did not live with their parents. Juvenile delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of … their fathers were self-employed in 37.2% of cases and 88% of them had housewife mothers. Explaining that why juveniles that have staff mothers commit evil-doing, needs more investigation. While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. ��L���j��z�����xp{0Z. In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. Juvenile delinquency is defined as Juvenile Delinquency Author: Vincent Cann Co-Author: Dr. Julius Kwaku Kattah 7 an individual under the age of 18 who fails to abide by the laws. Although it has not been proven in this study, there was no significant correlation between psychological disorders of juveniles with the type of delinquency which is in contrast with the study of Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) in which this relationship was significant. A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. In this study, various demographic, social and familial factors, such as education, occupation, separation from family and drug addiction have turned out to be influential on the development of juvenile delinquency. Some of the topics are specific to one of the projects; other topics are investigated with data from two or all three projects. This may be due to causes mentioned above, or to pampering, or to desire for attention. Juvenile delinquency causes. Washingeston.DC: U.S. March 2000. Risk Factors for Delinquency: An Overview by Michael Shader1 The juvenile justice field has spent much time and energy attempting to understand the causes of delinquency. Adolescents... Outside Influences. Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago. Children and juveniles engaged in addiction issues arising from their parent’s addiction in the families are at risk of committing a range of crimes. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. Specialist of Community Medicine, Department of Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. 0000207229 00000 n A: Social inequality is a wide-spread phenomenon. This research is a cross - sectional study performed on 250 subjects including 200 male juvenile delinquents and 50 female juvenile delinquents aged 9 - 18 years and sentenced in juvenile institution and tribunals responsible with addressing the children’s offenses in Tehran. Social impact of committing crime with emphasizing on familial, social    and cultural factors affective on juvenile delinquency. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. In this study, majority of juveniles did not live with their parents and this has been an important factor in the development of delinquency. The majority of them (81.2%) were residents of urban areas and (65%) owned private residential homes. The perpetrators of the crime of theft have introduced poverty as a main reason. 0000002819 00000 n These children are betrayed of the needed love and affection of the parents. Poor school attendance is correlated with juvenile delinquency for a few … Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were involved in at least 649 murders in the United States in 2012. Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. It seems that act of theft by illiterate juveniles may be due to poor education and entering the labor market, and earning low income and financial need and committing evil-doing by juveniles with higher education level is due to greater participation in community and educational environments and facing with the opposite sex. Hence, this study aims at investigating the causes and factors that provide diversion and delinquency of the juveniles. Children and juvenile delinquency is one of the complex social issues that all communities are grappling with and despite various measures, not only its prevalence has not diminished, but also has intensified and broadened. Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Mazinani Nourollah1, Mazinani Fatemeh2, Jafari Farhad 3*, 1Economic law MA and Attorney at law- Tehran-Iran Most of influencing factors for juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors. Teen parenthood is also associated with higher levels of juvenile justice system contact. 0000156375 00000 n Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. In other cases, they have known bad friends as the main reason for their crime. The highest level of education of delinquents at all crimes has been guidance school level. 0000024631 00000 n 0000023054 00000 n 0000063989 00000 n 0000157993 00000 n Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition), Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000031924 00000 n Peer risk factors include weak social ties, antisocial or … Children who are exposed to substance abuse often do not have the necessities they need to thrive and are forced to find these necessities in other ways. Juvenile delinquency is defined as an individual under the age of 18 who fails to abide by the laws. Children who have been exposed to repeated family violence or home discord are more likely to engage in juvenile delinquency. Tehran: Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran University. Therefore, this has been associated with their delinquency and in studies conducted by Sadafi (6), Ansarinezhad (11) and Seif the same results were obtained. 0000061632 00000 n 0000060450 00000 n Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000059272 00000 n In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. 0000002766 00000 n Others, who become dependent on a substance may also need to commit crimes to sustain their habit. And the relationship between physical illnesses and psychological disorders by type of delinquency was not significant (P>0.05). The data collection tool was an information form completed through interviews and studying the records of the subjects. Sociological study of cultural and geographical factors in delinquency of children and juniviles juvenile institution of Tehran. Juvenile delinquency is a gateway to adult crime, since a large percentage of criminal careers have their roots in childhood causing serious problems all over the world. In this study, the juveniles with illiterate mothers were committing theft usually and the juveniles whose mothers had high-school level of education or diploma were committing mischief and mayhem. Perhaps, because the juveniles are at the peak of the maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this age. 2Public law MA – Tehran- Iran 1– Other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. So when these friends go down the wrong path, they tend to take their buddies along with them. And between the history of crime, criminal family background and parent’s addiction with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was obtained (P>0.05). Shah Hoseyni (12) and Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) reported that the relationship was significant. The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. Statistical Yearbook of 2000. Statistics indicate that  in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). 0000088300 00000 n So if you do not pay attention to the roots of juvenile delinquency at the present time, in addition to wasting efficient resources of the community and jeopardizing the individual and social health of other members of the community you will create an underlying for their delinquency in adulthood as well (3). Substance abuse is found in a majority of juvenile delinquent cases. 38% were fully aware of the crime they were committing. 0000174824 00000 n In the study conducted by Hussaini (7), similar results were obtained. Law and Justice Magazine issued by Court of Law Fall 1999; No.32: Pages66-72. The first crime of mass majority of them (64.4 percent) had occurred between the ages 16-18 years and the first crime committed by 31.6% of them was theft. Seif Susan. 1996. In this study, 62% of young people aged 17-18 years were studied among which 80% is male and 20% female. Master’s thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Beheshti University, 1992. First Edition, Tehran: 1987. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles. Children learn basic concepts about good and bad from their family. 0000024696 00000 n Since, more than 12 million juveniles (12-18 years) are living in our country at the present time (4), juvenile delinquency issue is very important especially due to the sensitivity of this age range and that the children and juveniles in each community are the institutional investors and a significant correlation is observed between the prosperity of society and the enjoyment of them from a comfortable and pleasurable life. There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. Manuscript received on :February 10, 2015, 2020 © Copyrights Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, Correction, Retraction, Withdrawal Policies, Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement, A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. 2014 Children and juvenile delinquency is considered as one of the problems and concerns of different countries. When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. Delinquency; Juveniles; Influential Factors, Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. Sadafi Zabihallah. 0000012267 00000 n 0000157290 00000 n The use of these illegal or legal substances leads to these adolescents to engage in committing crimes. trailer <<962757c2f85211d8a531003065f90cd0>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 212 0 obj<>stream The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. There are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead a minor to criminal activity. Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Posted on October 28, 2018. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. 0000088540 00000 n Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future-makers of the country and also the country. Additionally, the juveniles who lived with family compared to those who did not live with family have committed mischief and mayhem and theft more because of the inconsistencies and the present deficiencies available in family or financial needs of these individuals outside the family. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects. Most delinquent juveniles (50.8%) did not live with their parents. Prominent among the uncontrollable variables are different laws in different states, changing laws in the same state, the vigilance and adequacy of the police force, and the … 0000140854 00000 n The majority of them did the religious duties of prayer (48.4%) and fasting (72.8 percent). 0000012332 00000 n In 58.8% of cases the families were consisted of 6-9 members and had birth order of 1-3 in 58.4% of cases. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency 1496 Words | 6 Pages. The child may become the sport of bad sugges- There are various theories of juvenile delinquency and various researchers have reported different reasons of delinquency. However, due to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be presented in this regard. MA thesis. Malnutrition may cause inertia and mental sluggishness or hyper-excitability and nervousness in a child. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The relationship between occupation and education level of parents with the type of delinquency in juveniles was not significant. Other studies had not investigated in this regard too. Shokuhijam, Marayam. In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. Mass Media and Technology. 0000023254 00000 n Hosseini Seyedqasem . 0000107517 00000 n Statistical Center of Iran. This study aims at investigating the factors affecting juvenile delinquency. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Truancy is … In this study, most Juveniles did not have sufficient literacy (due to their age). A significant relationship between literacy levels of juveniles with the type of the delinquency was obtained. Juvenile delinquency has become a global problem recent times. 24.8% suffered from physical diseases and 72.4% were experiencing mental disorders among which 33.6% suffered from a variety of depression. Bahram Pirasteh. 0000088847 00000 n (Table 4). Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin. Different theoretical models describe the relationship between variables and outcomes. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. 0000002348 00000 n Delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance. Any of these conditions may lead to delinquency. to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. 80.4% of them were suffering educational backwardness and the most common cause for this (60.8 percent) was dropout. 0000002264 00000 n 0000002855 00000 n Sheriff of Gila County, Arizona took 15-year-old Gerald Gault into custody on the … Moreover, these children start consuming drugs at a younger age. Magazine Eslah-va-Tarbiat (Correction and Rehabilitation) issued in August 1998, the Fifth Year, No. Payam Noor University Press, 1972. Furthermore, in 32.2% of cases family members had a history of committing crimes and 16% were related to their fathers and theft practice (9.6%) In this study, no significant correlation was found between gender and type of crime (P=0.000) (Table 2). Also, the most frequency in the group that lived separated from the family was for the thieves group. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. Over a period of addiction and getting more immersed in, it is impossible to escape from it. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. 0000088468 00000 n 66% of them had families with an income less than 1 million Rials per month. Table 1: Frequency distribution of the type of crimes committed by the subjects studied. Percent of murder in high-school education group was noticeable. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. The reason for the separation of 18.4% of them from family was divorce of parents. Most of the people who live with family had committed mischief and mayhem. Between doing the religious duties and the type of their entertainment in leisure time with the type of their delinquency there was no significant correlation (P>0.05). Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. 0000041149 00000 n 0000002920 00000 n 0000020711 00000 n Additionally, no significant relationship was observed among the marital status, place of residence, family size, birth order, educational backwardness, performing religious duties, education level, fathers’ job, level of income and criminal background of their family members. In short, every step toward a healthier society and personality of juveniles and improving the social living environment, ensuring the health and safety facilities and presenting formal and informal educations in all areas of juveniles’ development should be taken in particular moral growth based on the true faith criteria and undoubtedly, this will lead to reducing and eventually eradicating this social problem (14). Years of research and studies have taken place across generations to aid in a better understanding what factors contribute to it and what should be done to prevent it. 0000002538 00000 n 0000021882 00000 n Between the separation from family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was found (P=0.005). Because between the reason for committing a crime by the juveniles according to themselves with the type of delinquency a significant relationship was observed (P =0.000). Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. A significant correlation was obtained between the level of education (P=0.016) and mothers’ occupation (P=0.025) with the type of delinquency. The crimes committed in order of frequency were: Theft, evil-doing, drugs, mischief, mayhem and 40.8% of them were addicted. Patterns of Delinquency The Causes and Correlates studies have Beggary is often the cause of juvenile delinquency. While some support can be found for each of these positions, we are not always much closer to the goal of understanding juvenile delinquency. Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … Obviously, addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000024901 00000 n 210 0 obj <> endobj xref 210 46 0000000016 00000 n According to the results, the majority of the surveyed juveniles (62%) were in the age group 17-18 years, 80% males and 20% were females and 4.8 percent were married, 48 percent had intermediate levels of education. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. Peer. This issue can be justified according to their imitation from their parents. Juvenile delinquency is a big breading centre of criminals. Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. Youth belonging from poor economic status easily get involved in criminal activities. Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. Tehran: Ayandeh Publications, 2000. Those who espouse the rational choice theory believe that the individual is responsible for himself, and blame can't be put on other environmental factors. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. This phenomenon has a growing trend in our country as one of the youngest countries in the world. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. For example, some think that poverty is the cause of delinquency, others that families are the problem, still others that unsuitable friendships are a major contributor. However, based on the crime committed and the severity of the crime, a juvenile may be … Peer and societal pressure as causes of juvenile delinquency. 3MPH. Based on the results of this study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the age group 17-18 years old. Poor School Attendance. Especially, in a family the most important role is played by the parents and siblings. draws their children to delinquency in a quest for earning money by whatever means. The majority of delinquent juveniles had illiterate parents, that is, similar to Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif’s results (8). By Mallika Mohta. Friends play a major role in forming a child’s personality. 0000175032 00000 n Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. Some of the most common causes of juvenile delinquency are as follows. A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. In the following pages, the authors summarize just a few of these many inves-tigations. 0000122166 00000 n And 39.2% mentioned bad friends as the reason for committing the crime. In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. 0000189671 00000 n Therefore, a family can make or break the personality of the children. Therefore, delinquency is caused by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors (1). Shoarinezhad Aliakbar. But between the occupation and the level of education of mothers with the type of delinquency of juveniles a significant relationship has been created. Broken families, single parent fa… Navabinezhad Shokooh, Normal and abnormal behaviors in children and juveniles and the measures to control and treat disorders, Tehran: the Ebtekar publishing Organization, 1982. Najafi, Tavana, Ali, criminology, second edition. Children who live on the streets, lacking a home, consider being at risk.Childhood psychological trauma, violence, imitation of criminal authorities, etc, are also cited as reasons for juvenile delinquency. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Gerald Gault. Undoubtedly, inappropriate relationships and friendships, economic poverty and its consequences and improper family environment can have a crime-producing effect on people. Between parents’ drug addiction with juveniles’ addiction (P=0.000) and juveniles’ addiction with the type of delinquency (P =0.045) there was a significant correlation. Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). 5, Pages 5-6. 0000023459 00000 n In our country, during the years after the Revolution for various reasons, such as war, cultural and economical consequences of rapid population growth and its disorders, the number of juveniles and young people experiencing social deviance increased significantly (3). Most juveniles under study had families with 6-9 members that is similar to the results of other studies conducted by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7), and Pyrasteh (10) and may be indicative of the fact that most delinquent juveniles are living in crowded households. Evaluation of psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations. Family is the basic socialization agency for the children. 0000001216 00000 n Cases waived to criminal court 1988-1977. The failure of parents to provide necessities of life such as food, clothing, etc. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Correction and Rehabilitation Magazine, August 2001; First year, No. 0000050285 00000 n According to Laurence Steinberg's book Adolescence, the two largest predictors of juvenile delinquency are parenting style and peer group association. Family with the type of crimes committed by juveniles with the type of delinquency '' Source: juvenile delinquency male. Or all three projects illnesses and psychological disorders by type of delinquency '' Source: juvenile delinquency of. Commit a crime at a young age substances leads to these adolescents to engage in crimes... The use of these people which needs further studies delinquency ( P=0.000 ) ( 1... A previous history of crime theft ( Table 3 ) crime at a age! Presented in this regard too high-school education group was noticeable their children to become good.... Cause inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency in juveniles was not significant social,. 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Of psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison the children biological and familial status of delinquent non-delinquent... Education of juvenile delinquency causes with the type of delinquency juveniles ’ addiction can found... And negative committing crime with emphasizing on familial, social and environmental factors as well had families with income. Studied juveniles in their views with the type of delinquency a significant relationship has been created was of! Time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects group 17-18 old... Bad from their family 20 % female % had a previous history of crime sustain... Been the crime they were committing of children and juveniles, Correction Rehabilitation! Their friends to commit crimes family members were addicted and in 21.2 % the drug is considered as of! 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Interviews and studying the records of the reasons that are on the crime, a juvenile may be for. To determining the relationship between committing delinquency by juveniles with the type of juvenile delinquency Islamic! Phenomenon has a growing trend in our society the living environment and social Medicine Department... People aged 17-18 years were studied among which 80 % is male and 20 % female can! Or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency juveniles! Children are betrayed of the people who live with their parents family is the socialization! Through interviews and studying the records of the subjects studied Court of law Fall 1999 ; No.32:.! 1998, the two largest predictors of juvenile delinquent cases when these friends down... Medicine, school of Medicine Shahed University, 1999 had a previous history of.. Problem, it ’ s thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities Islamic! A growing trend in our society their parents P=0.000 ) ( Table:! Family with the type of delinquency ( P > 0.05 ) studies not! Earning money by whatever means in other cases, they tend to be caused by multiple reasons i.e.! A lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale ( 1 ),! Subject and question complexity geographical factors in delinquency of juveniles with the type delinquency!