". That context is that all people, whether Jew or Gentile have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). I. ROMANS 8:28—ONE OF THE MOST WRESTED BIBLE VERSES Romans 8:1 . Unlike sin, the Spirit does not enslave us. [Note: On the apparent conflict between God"s sovereignty and human freedom, see Lewis, pp52-53. It is a lifestyle that is purely "human" in its orientation. Jeremiah 33). . Romans 1-8). "The point of these two verses is that the attitude of hope, so distinctive of the Christian, implies that there is more in store for him than anything that is his already.". God has revealed all of Romans 6-8 to help us appreciate this fact. [Note: For three ways of interpreting the basis of no condemnation, see Chuck Lowe, ""There Is No Condemnation" ( Romans 8:1): But Why Not?" Romans 1:20 - For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, [even] his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:. The context favors this interpretation, as does the sense of the verse. “The law of the Spirit and the law of sin and death.” Ah, the heart of Paul’s gospel! The Son became as we are ( Romans 8:3) so that we could become as He is. Quoted in Bruce, p154. To "walk according to the Spirit," on the other hand, is to live under the control, and according to the values, of the "new age," created and dominated by God"s Spirit as his eschatological gift. Cf. Rather this verse says that God brings good out of all things, even tragedies, for the Christian. Notice that it is only those whom He foreknows that He predestines, not everyone. Hope helps us in our sufferings ( Romans 8:24-25) and so does the Holy Spirit. Song of Solomon , not because it has already happened, but because it is so certain to take place that it is as good as having happened already (cf. Cf. Romans 5:4). He planned to stress that in the verses that follow. "The redemption of our bodies" is the resurrection, a theme on which Paul had recently enlarged in 2 Corinthians 4:7 to 2 Corinthians 5:10." those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.” We are talking about those two roads and those houses on sand or rock—serious stuff! Quoted in Bruce, p154. Rather He appeals to us to do so as sons of God. The "spirit" in view is probably the Holy Spirit who has made us God"s sons by regeneration and adoption. also 1 Corinthians 12:13). God commanded us to pursue it (cf. It is not that we have any power,-we have none. Everyone who trusts in Jesus Christ in the age in which we live possesses the indwelling Holy Spirit (cf. Romans Chapter 8 declares that those who are with Christ are more than conquerors. Subscribe to the Spectrum Magazine newsletter for email updates! "Therefore" introduces a conclusion based on everything that Paul wrote from chapter3on, not just chapter7 , specifically Romans 7:6. ], "Paul could hardly have chosen a better term than "adoption" to characterize this peace and security. [Note: See Francis Lyall, "Roman Law in the Writings of Paul-Adoption," Journal of Biblical Literature88 (December1969):458-66. In fact, in the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures) 44 of the 54 occurrences of the phrase “for sin” refers to a sin sacrifice. Paul did not have the annihilation of the present earth in view, which will happen at the end of Messiah"s earthly reign (cf. [Note: Gerhardus Vos, The Pauline Eschatology, p169.]. "First-born" refers to Jesus Christ"s relation to resurrection (cf. This cannot be eternal death, separation from God forever, in view of specific promises to the contrary (e.g, Romans 8:1; Romans 8:31-39). "Theologians rightly point out that prior to knowledge must be the divine decree. Unless God determines in some sense that something will happen, he cannot "know" that it will. “Shall be revealed.” Paul paints the big picture that we all need to grasp. Thus God Himself by the Spirit comes to our aid whenever we need help. Paul starts by saying there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Evidently he wanted "to expose the flesh in its stark reality as being totally alien to God and his purpose." Romans 8:39, CSB: "nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord." "The Law condemns; but the believer has a new relationship to the Law, and therefore he cannot be condemned." Grace in the soul is its new nature; the soul is alive to God, and has begun its holy happiness which shall endure for ever. The Lord Jesus revealed this intimate relationship during His training of the Twelve ( Mark 14:36). Self-control is one of that sweet cluster called "the fruit of the Spirit," in Galatians 5:22." Romans 8:15-17 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Romans 8. “Condemned sin in the flesh." I tend to support the year 57. Consequently we know what Paul meant. Galatians 5:5; Philippians 3:20; Hebrews 9:28). Romans 8:28-30 and Its Relevance to Romans 9. Romans 8:10 The Aramaic can be translated “for the cause of righteousness.” Romans 8:14 The Greek is quite emphatic: “those and only those.” Romans 8:15 Or “spirit of slavery.”” Romans 8:15 Implied in both the text and the greater context of finding our true life in … [Note: Bruce, pp164-65.]. We inherit both sufferings, as His disciples now, and glory, most of which lies in the future (cf. Romans 8 concludes the second main section of the body of the letter, ‘Living under grace’. Then God will reveal His sons as such, whereas now we appear simply as Adam"s sons. Walking by the Spirit means walking in submission to and dependence on the Spirit (cf. He was not referring to the Mosaic Law (cf. It was an offering that the Israelites made in faith, confident that the rest of the harvest would follow. . Nowhere in Scripture do we read that God causes sin or evil. This was Paul"s normal meaning when he used this word. "However" marks a contrast. 1 Peter 1:3-4). He will certainly complete His work of salvation by glorifying us in the future (cf. The Law could not deal with sin. Deuteronomy 17:6; Matthew 18:16). Our victory is sure! If the Spirit needed to wait for some subsequent commitment to holiness, it follows that he would be absent between conversion and that later point in time. The apostle developed the fact that God will not lose one whom He has foreknown in this climactic section, and he gloried in this great truth. The excerpt of Romans 8:31-39 is a passage in which Paul skillfully addresses concepts crucial to the Christian faith without using the traditional terminology for that. He is presently accomplishing it partially through our progressive sanctification, and He will accomplish it completely through our glorification. This verse says we will not be damned if we walk away from worldy pursuits and passions and follow the divine nature of Jesus Christ. ", [Note: Griffith Thomas, St. Paul"s Epistle . Romans 8:28 does not tell us that God causes people to suffer, and it doesn't say that God considers suffering in and of itself to be good. Romans 7:21). In other words, it is possible to live as an unregenerate person even though one has experienced regeneration. 8. Deuteronomy 7:6-8). "Abba" and "Father" are equivalent terms, the first being a transliteration of the Aramaic word and the second a translation of the Greek pater (cf. Jesus Christ came "in the likeness of sinful flesh" (cf. The Greek word hypernikomen suggests "hyper-conquerors." 5:1-11 Suffering with assurance of future glory. The Book of Romans. However since Paul described them from the divine side as the elect of God, those who love God must refer to all Christians (cf. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse continues to list everything, every realm, and every category which anyone might imagine could loosen God's commitment or ability to love those of us in Christ (Romans 3:23–26; John 3:16–18). The Book of Romans. Romans 8:39 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 8:39, NIV: "neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord." They are also heirs of the kingdom and joint-heirs with the Messiah ( 2 Timothy 2:12; Romans 8:17)." Another view is that to be "led by the Spirit" here, and in Galatians 5:18, means that the Spirit determines the direction of one"s life as a whole rather than that He guides us. Bruce, p157; Ryrie, Basic Theology, pp306-7.]. "The battle was joined and the triumph secured in that same flesh which in us is the seat and agent of sin." This verse teaches clearly that the believer still has a sinful human nature within him even though he has died with Christ. Philippians 2:7), not "in sinful flesh" or "in the likeness of flesh." "The law of double jeopardy" is a universally recognized principle of justice. . However this is not automatic because He indwells us. Furthermore the Scriptures never connect the gift of tongues with intercessory prayer. [Note: Dillow, p55.]. Suffering has always been the portion of the righteous ( Psalm 44:22). The NASB translators understood Paul to be saying, "We do not know how to pray as we should," which implies ignorance concerning the proper method and procedure in prayer. by Shawn Brasseaux “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.” It is undoubtedly in the list of “the top 10” most-quoted Bible verses—along with John 3:16, Jeremiah 29:11, Romans 10:9, and Hebrews… The former witness is objective in Scripture and subjective (cf. 1 John 4:19). also. However we can choose to follow or not follow Him, to walk according to the Spirit or to walk according to the flesh ( Romans 8:13). What is the context of Romans 8:28? [Note: Newell, p330.]. If God knows that something will happen before it does, He is in some sense responsible for making it happen since He is sovereign (cf. At the end of this third missionar… . Our present sufferings and future glory8:18-25, Paul proceeded to expound on the thought that he introduced at the end of Romans 8:17. Having come to Christ the Holy Spirit continues to lead us in the moral will of God. We can know that His intercession is effective in securing God"s help for us because the Spirit prays in harmony with God"s will. ], "There is deep mystery, no doubt, in the great double fact of [sic] God is working in us to will, and on the other hand, of our choosing His will, moment by moment. "Groanings" or "groans" expresses feelings of compassion for our weak condition. Therefore we must not "live [walk] according to" it. ], "flesh" and "Spirit." of supernatural temptation for their rebellion against God. He is not mentioned in Romans until 16:20. So far in Romans Paul only referred to the Holy Spirit once ( Romans 5:5), but in this chapter he mentions Him17 times. The Book of Romans. Since Jesus Christ paid the penalty for your sins, and since you are "in Christ," God will not condemn you. . Consequently we know what Paul meant. The meaning of the clause seems to be this. The New Testament teaches that the amount of inheritance the children of God receive will vary depending on our faithfulness to God ( Luke 19:11-27). 1 Peter 4:12-19). Even though He has redeemed and adopted us, there is more of redemption and adoption for us to experience in the future ( Ephesians 1:13-14; Ephesians 4:30; 1 John 3:2). This shows God’s mercy—Him not giving us what we deserve. 5:1-11 Suffering with assurance of future glory. Genesis 22). Now the saints are wrapped up in the common brown paper of flesh, looking outwardly like other folks. To " be according to the flesh" ( Romans 8:5) means to allow the human nature to dominate one"s life. Even though God permits or allows bad things to happen, Scripture never lays the blame for these things on God, and neither should we. This verse does not say that God causes all things, period. It is a lifestyle that is purely "human" in its orientation. Different translators have interpreted this verse in different ways too. Foreknowledge here does not mean simply knowledge that precedes an event. ", [Note: Robert A. Pyne, "The Role of the Holy Spirit in Conversion," Bibliotheca Sacra150:598 (April-June1993):218. [Note: On the link between this section and chapter9 see George C. Gianoulis. "For sin," the literal Greek rendering, has a wider connotation than "as an offering for sin" or "a sin offering" and is the better translation. It is mankind's fallen Adamic nature that is in focus. Helpful or hostile angelic beings cannot change God"s commitment to us. "Alive" is literally "life" (cf. It will be. Our glory then will be somewhat proportionate to our suffering for His sake as His disciples now (cf. "body" represents the whole person, not just his or her physical shell. To set one"s mind on the flesh is contrary to God"s law. Consequently it never reaches the perfection that He originally intended it to achieve. . That destiny is conformity to Jesus Christ"s image, much more than just deliverance from sin and death. God"s plan for us cost Him dearly. However we can only do so with the Spirit"s help. Romans 8:39, ESV: "nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord." [Note: Bruce, p168.] "Spirit" seems from the context to refer to the Holy Spirit rather than to the regenerated spirit of man. Romans 8 is the crescendo of Paul’s letter to the Christian church in Rome. ], "The argument, when condensed, comes to this: that the very ones He foreknew, these, without the loss of one, He glorified. ], "We have been dealing in the first part of the chapter with the human will and its consent to walk by the Spirit. ", Adoption is another legal term (cf. The Holy Spirit is the source of spiritual life for the redeemed person who now possesses Jesus Christ"s imputed righteousness. To "be in the flesh" ( Romans 8:8) is to be unregenerate, to be devoid of the Spirit. He answers by saying that this is the whole purpose of God’s plan to rescue the willing from this world and redeem them forever—God’s plan is to convince men and women that sin is not inevitable, that sin is a choice, and His gift of the Holy Spirit to each one, on all continents, from the day they are born (Genesis 3:15; John 1:9), will help each one to overcome inherited weaknesses—misused passions and propensities. Romans 8:23; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10). 1 So now there is no condemnation for those who belong to Christ Jesus. "futility" or "frustration." The "body" represents the whole person, not just his or her physical shell. ], The statement of the believer"s condition8:1-4, 1. Romans Chapter 8 declares that those who are with Christ are more than conquerors. "spirit" in view is probably the Holy Spirit who has made us God"s sons by regeneration and adoption. This passage sums up, as we have seen, all that Paul has hitherto expounded in this Epistle." Paul did not have the annihilation of the present earth in view, which will happen at the end of Messiah"s earthly reign (cf. However, if one looks into the passages more deeply, there is another interpretation, which makes more sense in terms of the context of the chapter. The Holy Spirit requests the Father"s help for us with deep compassion (cf. Christians alone know the why of “the suffering of the present time.” But they also know the “glory which shall be revealed in us.” What a promise! He is not mentioned in Romans until 16:20. There are many wonderful truths in Romans 8. [Note: Newell, p288.]. Romans Images and Notes. The application of the believer"s condition8:12-13. [Note: Cranfield, 1:385. We are both God"s children, by new birth, and His sons, by adoption. "God is for us." Galatians 4:6). This passage promises all Christians God"s help, not just those who had the gift of tongues. "First-born" refers to Jesus Christ"s relation to resurrection (cf. It's actually really important to read around that verse. Third, He has ascended to the position of supreme authority in heaven where He represents us ( Romans 8:29). "children" identifies our family relationship based on regeneration whereas "sons" stresses our legal standing based on adoption. Rather this verse says that God brings good out of all things, even tragedies, for the Christian. The Holy Spirit comes to our aid by interceding for us. Romans 8:28 - And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. Incidentally, this second reference to "spirit" is probably the only one in Romans 8 that is not a reference to the Holy Spirit. That heirship is received on the basis of only one work, the work of believing. God accomplished this goal partially through believers" justification. The Epistle to the Romans was written by Paul approx. from the power of sin that leads to death. Because of what God has done for us ( Romans 8:1-11), believers have an obligation to respond appropriately. Yet, we have also seen those issues where Christianity has … Our assurance of ultimate victory rests on this promise of God to us." Everyone who trusts in Jesus Christ in the age in which we live possesses the indwelling Holy Spirit (cf. Bruce suggested that perhaps Paul was imitating the Hebrew prophetic past tense in which a future event is spoken of as past because of the certainty of its coming (cf. This may be because some believers may be more resistant to His moulding activities or are more prone to insist on their own efforts.". In the light of eternity we should view the cost of suffering with Jesus Christ now as insignificant in view of the glory that lies ahead for us (cf. [Note: Writer unknown. This was Paul's way of removing fallen mankind's excuse (i.e., "the Devil made me do it!") The Cross is the great proof of God"s love for us, and it is the basis for our victory. Romans 8 begins with no condemnation; it ends with no separation, and in between there is no defeat. [Note: Newell, pp307 , 309. Romans 8:31 Context. [Note: Stifler, p149. The consequence of this promise should be that when we feel frustrated about our inability to pray about a particular need we can relax. Ephesians 6:18). Context and Structure: Romans 8 and Romans 5. Romans 8:1-4 Free from Sin, Able to Fulfill God's Law; Romans 8:1-11 The Spirit Takes Us from Sin to Righteousness - Study Guide (click dropdown menu) Romans 8:1-11 The Spirit Takes Us from Sin to Righteousness; Romans 8:4-6 The Transforming Work of the Spirit, Part 1; Romans 8:7-11 The Transforming Work of the Spirit, Part 2 Romans 1-8). This fullness of life involves psychological and social wholeness and well as physical wholeness, under normal circumstances. TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. God commanded the Israelites to present a portion of their harvest that ripened first as an offering to Him ( Exodus 23:19; Nehemiah 10:35). Bibliotheca Sacra166:661 (January-March2009):70-83.] It is the theologically richest of all his letters' We are about half way through the Book of Romans. pneuma) would therefore normally be to the same Spirit. If God knows that something will happen before it does, He is in some sense responsible for making it happen since He is sovereign (cf. [Note: See Robert G. Gromacki, Salvation Is Forever, p72.]. The Spirit"s indwelling means that God indwells (cf. . Romans 8:23; 2 Corinthians 12:9-10). Our good works did not earn us salvation, and our bad works cannot take it from us. 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